Session: MON 758-775-Beta Cells, Glucose Control & Complications
Poster Board MON-772
355 overweight or obese individuals aged 20-60 years old incorporated 1% fat milk sweetened with either sucrose or high fructose corn syrup into their usual diet for ten weeks. Consumption levels were set so the added sugar contributed 8%, 18%, or 30% of calories required for weight maintenance (25th, 50th or 90th percentile of adult fructose consumption levels, resepctively).
Triglyceride levels increased slightly (104.1± 51.8 vs 114.1 ± 64.7 mg/dl, p<0.001), as did waist circumference (84.7 ± 9.8 vs 85.0 ± 10.0cm, p<0.05) in the entire pooled cohort along with a decrease in HDL (52.4 ± 14.1 vs 51.6 ± 13.6 mg/dl p<0.05). Blood pressure and fasting glucose were unchanged. The amount or type of sugar did not affect any of the observed responses (interaction p>0.05).
These short term data show that these levels of high sugar intake can lead to small increases in some risk factors for the metabolic syndrome. However, there were no differences between the two most common types of fructose containing sugars at any level of intake.
Nothing to Disclose: JL, SS, ZF, JMR
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