Session: MON 776-795-Cardiometabolic Risk & Vascular Biology
Poster Board MON-789
Methods:We examined the average sodium intake of 13,957 Koreans aged and over, with and without diabetes, by age, sex, and co-morbidities status using 24-hour recall data from2008-2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Results: The prevalence of diabetes was 10.6% (1,480 diabetic patients). Both those with and without diabetes showed average crude sodium intakes above the 1,500 mg/day recommended by the 2013 ADA position statement (4,910 mg/day and 5,188 mg/day, respectively (p=0.0185). After adjust sex, age, BMI, and total energy intake, those with diabetes didn’t have significantly lower average sodium intake (p=0.8677). But diabetics with cardiovascular disease had significantly lower average sodium intake compared to normal healthy subjects after adjust sex, age, BMI, and total energy intake (3,262 mg/day vs 3,998 mg/day, p=0.0581). Stratified subgroup analyses found the average sodium intake among those with newly diagnosed diabetes was higher for women (p=0.0348), men with hypercholesterolemia (p=0.0110), women with hyper triglyceridemia (p=0.0671) when compared to those with known diabetes. Compared with the reference group with estimated baseline sodium intake of 1,637 mg/day, higher baseline sodium intake was associated with an increased risk of hypercholesterolemia (3,113 mg/day; odds ratio(OR),1.16;95% CI, 0.74-1.80, 4,751 mg/day; OR,0.99;95% CI, 0.62-1.56, 9,260 mg/day;OR,1.83;95% CI, 1.12-2.97)
Conclusion: People with diabetes had high average sodium intake and better approaches are needed to reduce sodium intake in Korean
Nothing to Disclose: SK, TSP, JM, KYL, CHK
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