Dietary sodium intake among Korean adults with diabetes and without diabetes

Program: Abstracts - Orals, Featured Poster Presentations, and Posters
Session: MON 776-795-Cardiometabolic Risk & Vascular Biology
Monday, June 17, 2013: 1:45 PM-3:45 PM
Expo Halls ABC (Moscone Center)

Poster Board MON-789
Sungrae Kim1, Tae-Sun Park2, Jioh Mok3, Ki-Young Lee4 and Chong Hwa Kim*5
1CATHOLIC UNIV of Korea, Puchon, South Korea, 2Chonbuk Natl Univ Med Sch, Chollabuk-Do, South Korea, 3Soonchunhyang Univ, Bucheon-Si, South Korea, 4Gachon Univ of Medicine & Scie, Incheon, South Korea, 5Sejong General Hospital, Bucheon, South Korea
Introduction: People with diabetes are more likely to receive advice from their physicians concerning life style changes. To understand how much sodium is consumed by people with diabetes, we examined average daily sodium intake between people with diabetes and without after controlling for potential confounding factors.

Methods:We examined the average sodium intake of 13,957 Koreans aged and over, with and without diabetes, by age, sex, and co-morbidities status using 24-hour recall data from2008-2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

 Results: The prevalence of diabetes was 10.6% (1,480 diabetic patients). Both those with and without diabetes showed average crude sodium intakes above the 1,500 mg/day recommended by the 2013 ADA position statement (4,910 mg/day and 5,188 mg/day, respectively (p=0.0185). After adjust sex, age, BMI, and total energy intake, those with diabetes didn’t have significantly lower average sodium intake (p=0.8677). But diabetics with cardiovascular disease had significantly lower average sodium intake compared to normal healthy subjects after adjust sex, age, BMI, and total energy intake (3,262 mg/day vs 3,998 mg/day, p=0.0581). Stratified subgroup analyses found the average sodium intake among those with newly diagnosed diabetes was higher for women (p=0.0348), men with hypercholesterolemia (p=0.0110), women with hyper triglyceridemia (p=0.0671) when compared to those with known diabetes. Compared with the reference group with estimated baseline sodium intake of 1,637 mg/day, higher baseline sodium intake was associated with an increased risk of hypercholesterolemia (3,113 mg/day; odds ratio(OR),1.16;95% CI, 0.74-1.80, 4,751 mg/day; OR,0.99;95% CI, 0.62-1.56, 9,260 mg/day;OR,1.83;95% CI, 1.12-2.97)

 Conclusion: People with diabetes had high average sodium intake and better approaches are needed to reduce sodium intake in Korean

Nothing to Disclose: SK, TSP, JM, KYL, CHK

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