MicroRNA expression profiling of hypothalamic nuclei involved in energy homeostasis from single rats using Illumina sequencing technology

Program: Abstracts - Orals, Featured Poster Presentations, and Posters
Session: MON 649-675-Central Regulation of Appetite & Feeding/GI Regulatory Peptides
Bench to Bedside
Monday, June 17, 2013: 1:45 PM-3:45 PM
Expo Halls ABC (Moscone Center)

Poster Board MON-659
Mohammed Taouis*1, Laurence Amar2, Charlotte Benoit2, Guillaume Beaumont2, Delphine Crepin2 and Anne baroin-Tourancheau2
1University of Paris XI, Chilly Mazarin, France, 2University of Paris-Sud
MicroRNA expression profiling of hypothalamic nuclei involved in energy homeostasis from single rats using Illumina sequencing technology.

 

Amar L., Benoit C., Beaumont G. , Vacher CM., Crepin D. , Taouis M. and Baroin-Tourancheau A.

Neuroendocrinologie Moléculaire de la Prise Alimentaire, Centre de Neurosciences, Paris-Sud University of Paris-Sud, CNRS, UMR8195, UMR 8195, Orsay, F-91405, France.

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract : MicroRNAs (miRNAs) finely tune messenger RNA (mRNA) expression. As the brain is a highly heterogeneous tissue, physiologically relevant miRNA expression profiling greatly benefits from sampling brain regions or nuclei. MiRNA expression profiling from individual samples is also important for investigating potential differences between animals according to their physiological and pathophysiological status. We aimed to develop reproducible and efficient methodology for the characterization of hypothalamic miRNAs potentially involved in the control of energy homeostasis. We have punched the arcuate (ARC) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei from the hypothalamus of seven male Wistar rats and used them to establish a novel method for the characterization of the miRNA expression profile of individual rat brain nuclei. The identity of the ARC and PVN samples was checked for proopiomelanocortin and arginine vasopressin mRNA expression, respectively. Individual cDNA libraries were constructed from purified RNAs between 16 and 26 bases, using barcoded adapters. Libraries were multiplexed and sequenced using Illumina technology to a read depth >105. The ARC and PVN profiles displayed similar expression from a set of more than 210 miRNA genes. Expression was high or moderate for about twenty miRNAs that may be used to define a common ARC/PVN prototype profile of male Wistar rats. These miRNAs included seven of the eight genes of the let-7 family, the two miR-7 genes, miR-9 gene and 5’ copy of the three miR-30 loci. Our method shows that the ARC and PVN from a single rat are accessible for miRNA digital characterization. This method will allow miRNA transcriptome characterization for any rat brain substructure or nuclei that can be microdissected, and especially hypothalamic nuclei involved in the control of energy homeostasis. This approach will constitute an important tool for the characterization of new miRNAs potentially involved in the control of energy homeostasis in hypothalamic nuclei and also will allow to determine the specific impact of physiological (fed, fasted, stage of development etc…) and pathological (obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes etc…) states on hypothalamic miRNAs’ expression patterns.

Nothing to Disclose: MT, LA, CB, GB, DC, AB

*Please take note of The Endocrine Society's News Embargo Policy at http://www.endo-society.org/endo2013/media.cfm