OR31-2 Can Vitamin D Deficiency Be Predicted by Simple Patient Characteristics?

Program: Abstracts - Orals, Featured Poster Presentations, and Posters
Session: OR31-Disorders of Vitamin D Metabolism & Action
Monday, June 17, 2013: 11:15 AM-12:45 PM
Presentation Start Time: 11:30 AM
Room 130 (Moscone Center)
Evelien Sohl*, Natasja M. van Schoor, Renate T. de Jongh and Paul Lips
VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is common in older individuals and the current method to determine a deficiency is by measuring serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D). This study aimed to develop a risk profile that can be used to easily identify older individuals at risk for vitamin D deficiency.

Methods: This study was performed within the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam, which is an ongoing cohort study of a representative sample of the Dutch older population. During the second measurement cycle (1995/1996) serum 25(OH)D was determined (n = 1320) and many aspects of physical, cognitive, emotional and social functioning were assessed. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as serum 25(OH)D < 50 nmol/L. A backwards logistic regression procedure was used to select predictors using Akaike’s Information Criterion (p < 0.157). A total risk score was calculated by, firstly, dividing the individual regression coefficients by the lowest regression coefficient in order to create simple scores and, secondly, by adding up these simple scores.

Results: Vitamin D deficiency was present in 46.2 %. The following predictors for vitamin D deficiency were identified: gender, age, bicycling, gardening, sporting, BMI , smoking, alcohol use, season of blood collection, the presence of appetite, and having a partner. The AUC is 0.76, and Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test was not significant (p=0.65), which indicates that the model fits the data well. With a total risk score cut-off point of 40 (range 2-77), the model predicted vitamin D deficiency with a sensitivity of 70% and specificity of 69%. With a cut-off point of 54, the sensitivity was 34% and specificity 94%. Persons with a score ≤ 20 (9% of the participants) had 14% chance to be vitamin D deficient, whereas this chance was 81% for a score > 60 (10% of the participants).

Conclusion: A total risk score, including eleven predictors that can easily be assessed, was developed and able to predict serum 25(OH)D below 50 nmol/L accurately. This risk score may be useful in clinical practice to identify persons at risk for vitamin D deficiency.

Nothing to Disclose: ES, NMV, RTD, PL

*Please take note of The Endocrine Society's News Embargo Policy at http://www.endo-society.org/endo2013/media.cfm