Deletion of dopamine D2 receptors in pituitary lactotropes alters glucose homeostasis and increases adipose tissue accretion

Program: Abstracts - Orals, Featured Poster Presentations, and Posters
Session: SAT 164-196-Pituitary
Basic/Clinical
Saturday, June 15, 2013: 1:45 PM-3:45 PM
Expo Halls ABC (Moscone Center)

Poster Board SAT-195
Guillermina Marķa Luque*1, Maria Ines Perez-Millan2, Ana Ornstein1, Marcelo Rubinstein3 and Damasia Becu-Villalobos1
1IBYME-CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2UMICH, Ann Arbor, MI, 3INGEBI, CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Prolactin secretion is tonically inhibited by dopamine acting on lactotrope dopamine D2 receptors (D2Rs). High prolactin levels have been associated with increased food intake and body weight, but total D2R knockout female mice (Drd2-/-), which have lifelong hyperprolactinemia, display normal body weight probably because of compensating mechanisms related to the absence of D2Rs in brain areas and peripheral tissues. To test the importance of lactotrope D2Rs and prolactin in glucose metabolism and adipose tissue accretion we used mutant mice with targeted deletion of the Drd2 gene in lactotropes (lacDrd2-/-) generated by Cre/LoxP technology. Hyperprolactinemic lacDrd2-/- female mice showed increased body weight gain, food intake and adiposity in comparison with age-matched Drd2loxP/loxP and Drd2-/- female mice. Glucose homeostasis studies revealed that fasting and non-fasting glucose levels were normal in lacDrd2-/- female mice, but glucose intolerance after an ip load of 2g/kg was evidenced in lacDrd2-/- mice: blood glucose levels were significantly higher than those observed in Drd2loxP/loxP littermates at 30 and 60 min (p interaction [genotype x time]=0.000013). On the other hand, lactotrope knockout mice exhibited a conserved insulin tolerance test in vivo while pancreatic insulin content was significantly higher (p=0.0018) in comparison with Drd2loxP/loxP mice. In relation with the increased fat mass observed, we found that cholesterol levels were normal, but there was a significant increase in serum triglycerides (p=0.045) in lacDrd2-/- females compared with their controls. In addition, morphometry of adipose tissue showed that lacDrd2-/- female mice had a larger fat cells observed by comparing medians (2503 µm2 vs 1363 µm2, p<0.0001). Large adipocytes have been linked to type 2 diabetes risk and may involve an enhanced rate of adipocyte lipolysis causing elevated levels of triglycerides as found in lacDrd2-/- mice. We propose that prolactin is involved in glucose and lipid metabolism, and that dopamine acting at different levels, mediates the reactivity of the organism to regulate food intake and ultimately ensure survival.

Nothing to Disclose: GML, MIP, AO, MR, DB

*Please take note of The Endocrine Society's News Embargo Policy at http://www.endo-society.org/endo2013/media.cfm